Snaefellsjokull National Park is not only the newest national park in Iceland, but also the only one which extends to the coast. In the breeding season, various kinds of birdlife would gather around the coast. Most of the coastal plains are covered with volcanic ash, which is flowed from nearby craters. However, in the sheltered hollows you can also find diverse verdant lush plants. And in the park, there is a towering glacier, on top of it the volcano can be seen clearly. Because of ice movements in the past, the landscape here is extremely intricate. Volcanic ash is quite common in this national park, and can be classified into two types, with one rough and the other smooth. And also there are many caves in this area. Perhaps it is the volcanic ash and caves that inspired Jules Verne to compose his famous novel, Journey to the Center of the Earth.
This region has always been the focus of archaeologists. Some building and places here can be traced back to long ago. Also, the Snaefellsnes peninsula used to be a developed fishing area. And in the thirteen century, fishing industry of this region reached a climax and population grew rapidly. But during the nineteenth century, fishing on Snaefellsnes peninsula declined for the revolution of fishing techniques.
National parks are among the finest assets of Iceland. And everyone can explore them freely. In summer, park operators of this area would manage and tend the area as well as provide information for visitors. Villages that are close to this national park include Rif, Oacute and Hellissandudr, which were all commercial and fishing centers.
In this national park, bicycles and vehicles are restricted only to tracks and roads. Only on marked bridle paths, visitors can trek on horsebacks. But visitors had better be guided by a park ranger. There are no accommodations in the park, but backpackers can camp for one night. After you come here, please respect its ecology. Please do not destroy its geological formation and wildlife, or light fires, or drive off roads. And you’d better take your litter out of the park by yourself.