Gros Morne National Park is situated in the highlands of western Newfoundland. This place is also called the “Galapagos of Geology” by geologists for it contains many most ancient rocks on Earth, providing a vivid explanation of its geological evolution. The physiognomy here is an epitome of geological movements in the past 1,200 million years, which finally shaped the five continents today. Scientists have proved that the aged Long Range Mountains in Gros Morne were once linked with the mountains in Scotland.
The old Gros Morne has been frayed by advancing and retreating ice in the past centuries. What are left now are the rounded mountaintops, and the spectacular natural beauty. You will soon become intoxicated in the beautiful world of immemorial mountains, fjord valleys, crystal glacial lakes and wave-carved cliffs.
If you travel up to the Long Range Mountains from the warm lowlands around seaside, the journey can be full of changes. The plants and animals you encounter in your way up vary from temperate ones to arctic ones. At first, you may see mooses or black bears. As the elevation goes up, you may find an arctic hare or woodland caribou. The animal species came to Gros Morne 15,000 years ago, when the ice sheets were dissipated. More than half mammal animals here are subspecies, different with their relatives on the mainland.
The most splendid spot in Gros Morne may be the Western Brook Pond, which is a fiord-shape canyon and has a freshwater lake at the bottom. The canyon was the gifted work of the great ice sheet that once covered the whole Newfoundland. After the ice sheet retreated, the land lifted up and went above sea level, created this “pond”. Runoff from the surrounding plateau flows in the canyon, forming incredible magnificent waterfalls.
There are countless inspiring hiking trails in Gros Morne National Park, as well as inartificial mountains and nice campgrounds. This is a wonderful place to appreciate the natural beauty.